David Cameron is likely to be grilled on the UK's regime for student visas when he faces questions from undergraduates at a Shanghai university on the second day of his visit to China.
The coalition Government's moves to tighten up the visa system and shut down "bogus" colleges have been blamed in some quarters for putting off students from emerging economies such as China from coming to Britain to study.
The Prime Minister is determined to get across the message that there is "no limit" on the number of Chinese students who can come to the UK, so long as they have English language skills and a place at a university.
Before flying out to China on his second visit as Prime Minister, Mr Cameron said he wanted to increase the 100,000-plus Chinese students already in the UK.
In a visit dedicated to boosting UK trade with China, Mr Cameron will also meet entrepreneur Jack Ma, creator of China's biggest e-commerce firm Alibaba.
Alibaba accounts for half of online retail sales in China through its Tmall internet market, while its eBay-like Taobao also controls around 80% of consumer-to-consumer online sales, according to data from consultancy Euromonitor.
Mr Cameron regards it as a key gateway for British firms to get their products into the fast-growing Chinese market to be purchased by a burgeoning retail-hungry middle class, soon expected to number 600 million.
Downing Street said that the PM's visit, at the head of the largest UK business delegation ever to visit China, has already resulted in deals valued at £5.6 billion which could create 1,500 jobs in Britain.
They ranged from a £4.5 billion contract for Jaguar Land Rover to supply 100,000 luxury vehicles to smaller deals for Moulton to provide bicycles for the Chinese market and even a contract for Manchester-based Sweet Mandarin foods to sell Chinese sauces to the Chinese.
The PM flew from Beijing to Shanghai last night, after a day of talks with both President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang.
He voiced satisfaction at Mr Li's description of Britain and China as "indispensible partners for each other's development".
The premier also indicated China's potential interest in investing in the HS2 rail link between London, the Midlands and the North, and in Britain's future nuclear power programme.
But Mr Cameron also had to fend off accusations that he was soft-pedalling on human rights issues in order to avoid offending his Chinese hosts.
"I don't believe there is a choice between raising growth and investment issues or raising human rights issues. I raised them both," he said. "That's what a policy of engagement is all about.
"There are some huge opportunities here in China for British jobs, British growth, British investment, and I want to make the most of them, and that is right for our country to compete and succeed in the global race."