Scots have been promised a "defence dividend" if they vote for independence to make up for a "£5.6 billion underspend" by the Ministry of Defence in Scotland.
Veterans Minister and former marine Keith Brown said there had been 11,000 military job losses in Scotland in the last decade.
Making the announcement at the SNP conference, which has already seen promises of a £500-per-head "independence dividend" and £6,000 each for farmers if they vote yes, Mr Brown said the "defence dividend" would increase personnel and restore units and bases.
"After a decade of Westminster decline in Scotland's military footprint, independence now offers Scotland the opportunity of a defence dividend," he said.
"It is disingenuous for politicians in the No campaign to talk down Scotland's defence industrial prospects while ignoring their own record which has seen 11,000 military job losses and a mammoth £5.6 billion underspend in Scotland.
"At our conference in Perth, the SNP set out proposals that will deliver an increase of service personnel in Scotland, restore and protect Scottish units and bases as well as address significant UK capability gaps.
"By setting out such an ambitious and positive agenda it is now incumbent on other parties to lay out their plans, in as much detail.
"Will they commit to defence decision making in Scotland? Will they match SNP proposals to increases in manpower and conventional defence spending in Scotland? Will they restore military units and protect bases? Will they commit to a partnership of equals with our neighbours, including co-operation on conventional procurement, training, basing and logistics?
"The UK is making really bad defence decisions leaving Scotland exposed.
"We should make better decisions ourselves in Scotland - we only need to look to our northern European neighbours of comparable size all of whom maintain appropriate military capabilities including fast jets, ocean-going vessels and highly trained personnel."