Kenya's Edna Kiplagat has made history in Moscow by becoming the first woman to win consecutive World Championship marathon titles.
The 33-year-old, who triumphed in Daegu two years ago, did so again in sweltering conditions in the afternoon sun in the Russian capital.
Having completed the lapped course along the embankment of the Moskva River, she took the acclaim from the smattering of fans in the Luznhiki Stadium to cross the line in two hours 25 minutes 44 seconds.
Italy's Valeria Staneo was second, 14 seconds further back, with Japan's Kayoko Fukushi getting bronze.
While the Ethiopian challenge failed to materialise, there was plenty of reason to cheer for Great Britain's Susan Partridge, who sealed 10th place in 2hrs 36mins 24secs.
Her team-mate Sonia Samuels was 16th in 2:39.03.