Ashley Cole has been charged with misconduct by the Football Association following his foul-mouthed outburst on Twitter.
The Chelsea and England defender called the FA a "bunch of t***s" after the governing body's independent regulatory commission investigating the John Terry racial abuse case cast doubt on his evidence.
A statement on the FA's website said: "Chelsea FC's Ashley Cole has been charged by The FA in relation to a Twitter comment which was improper and/or brought the game into disrepute."
Cole has until 4pm on Thursday, October 11 to respond to the charge.
The timing is not ideal given the charge demands a response barely 24 hours before England's World Cup qualifier with San Marino at Wembley. However, it is not thought there is any threat to Cole's chances of winning his 99th cap beyond the fact coach Roy Hodgson may elect to rest him ahead of the crucial trip to Poland four days later.
Cole reported for duty at the FA's new St George's Park complex in Burton along with the rest of his team-mates on Monday lunchtime.
Whilst the FA do have disciplinary jurisdiction to suspend Cole if they wished, in instances of this nature, they are far more likely to hit the defender with a fine rather than a ban, something which former England striker Alan Shearer has called for.
Shearer told the BBC: "I think the FA can put a big statement out here by not fining him but actually banning him on Friday against San Marino."
Cole responded to Shearer by retweeting a comment on Twitter which referenced an incident in a game between Newcastle and Leicester in 1998 when the former Magpies forward's boot made contact with Neil Lennon's face.
The FA ruled the striker had been making a "genuine attempt to free himself" from a tangle with his opponent and took no disciplinary action against him. Cole retweeted a post from @CollinR4 which read: "Alan Shearer says @TheRealAC3 needs to be banned for comments. I want his opinion on bans for kicking Neil Lennon in the head. #GlassHouses''